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IEEE Transactions on Haptics Posters
Colonial Ballroom
Force-Rate Cues Reduce Object Deformation Necessary to Discriminate Compliances Harder Than the Skin
Steven C. Hauser and Gregory J. Gerling
(University of Virginia, USA)
ToH Poster C8
Publisher's Version
Abstract: Grasping and manipulating an object requires us to perceive its material compliance. Compliance is thought to be encoded by relationships of force, displacement and contact area at the finger pad. Prior work suggests that objects must be sufficiently deformed to become discriminable, but the utility of time-dependent cues has not been fully explored. The studies herein find that the availability of force-rate cues improve compliance discriminability so as to require less deformation of stimulus and finger pad. In particular, we tested the impact of controlling force-rate and displacement-rate cues in passive touch psychophysical experiments. An ink-based method to mark the finger pad was used to measure contact area per stimulus, simultaneously with displacement and force. Compliances spanned a range harder and softer than the finger pad. The results indicated harder compliances were discriminable at lower peak forces when the stimulus control mode was displacement-rate (0.5 N) compared to force-rate (1.3 N). That is, when displacement-rate was controlled to be equal between the two compliances, the resultant force-rate psychophysical cues could be more readily discriminated. In extending prior studies, while some magnitude of finger pad deformation may be sufficient for discriminability, temporal cues tied to force afford more efficient judgments.

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Time stamp: 2019-03-24T01:48:19+01:00