SPLASH Workshop/Symposium Events 2021
2021 ACM SIGPLAN International Conference on Systems, Programming, Languages, and Applications: Software for Humanity (SPLASH Events 2021)
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1st ACM SIGPLAN International Workshop on Beyond Code: No Code (BCNC 2021), October 17, 2021, Chicago, IL, USA

BCNC 2021 – Proceedings

Contents - Abstracts - Authors

1st ACM SIGPLAN International Workshop on Beyond Code: No Code (BCNC 2021)


Title Page

Welcome from the Chairs
Welcome to the first international workshop on Beyond Code: No Code (BCNC). We are happy to be part of the no-code movement and we hope to shed some light on the applications of no-code in the field of software engineering. We aim to promote academic research into this topic and help shape the future of no-code tools. This workshop is hosted at the SPLASH 2021 conference, 17-22 October 2021, Chicago, Illinois, USA.

Session 1

Volatility Metric to Detect Anomalies in Source Code Repositories
Yegor BugayenkoORCID logo
(Huawei, Russia)
A new metric was introduced to calculate the distance between actively modified files in a source code repository and the files, which are rarely modified and may be considered abandoned or even dead. It was empirically demonstrated that larger repositories have larger values of the introduced metric. The metric may be used for earlier detection of code maintenance anomalies and helping software developers make the decision of splitting the repository into smaller ones in order to prevent maintainability issues.

Publisher's Version
Rapid Prototyping of Chatbots for Data Exploration
Giuseppe Desolda ORCID logo, Rosa Lanzilotti ORCID logo, Maristella Matera ORCID logo, and Emanuele Pucci ORCID logo
(University of Bari, Italy; Politecnico di Milano, Italy; Awhy, Italy)
This paper reports on the experience we carried out in the last years for the definition of a model-based technique for the automatic generation of chatbots for data exploration. We illustrate how this technique has been integrated within a no-code platform offering visual notations to index relational data sources and bind them to conversation flows for data exploration.

Publisher's Version Video
Combining Object-Oriented Paradigm and Controlled Natural Language for Requirements Specification
Yegor BugayenkoORCID logo
(Huawei, Russia)
Natural language is the dominant form of writing software requirements. Its essential ambiguity causes inconsistency of requirements, which leads to scope creep. On the other hand, formal requirements specification notations such as Z, Petri Nets, SysML, and others are difficult to understand by non-technical project stakeholders. They often become a barrier between developers and requirements providers. The article presents a controlled natural language that looks like English but is a strongly typed object-oriented language compiled to UML/XMI. Thus, it is easily understood, at the same time, by non-technical people, programmers, and computers. Moreover, it is formally verifiable and testable. It was designed, developed, and tested in three commercial software projects in order to validate the assumption that object-oriented design can be applied to requirements engineering at the level of specifications writing. The article outlines key features of the language and summarizes the experience obtained during its practical application.

Publisher's Version

Session 2

The Pareto Distribution of Software Features and No-Code
Ahmed ElBatanony ORCID logo and Giancarlo Succi ORCID logo
(Innopolis University, Russia)
This research analyzes the top-performing software applications to identify the Pareto distribution of the features and accordingly proposes the use of no-code tools to increase the efficiency of software developers.

Publisher's Version
Is Neural Machine Translation Approach Accurate Enough for Coding Assistance?
Yuka Akinobu ORCID logo, Momoka Obara ORCID logo, Teruno Kajiura, Shiho Takano, Miyu Tamura, Mayu Tomioka, and Kimio KuramitsuORCID logo
(Japan Women's University, Japan)
Coding assistance with deep learning is an emerging concern that has recently attracted much attention in the software development community. To integrate coding assistance with deep learning compactly, we focus on neural machine translation (NMT), which allows users to translate natural language descriptions into expressions in a programming language such as Python. A rising problem here is the limited availability of parallel corpora, which is essential to train better NMT models.
To overcome the problem, we propose a transcompiler-based back-translation, a data augmentation method that generates parallel corpora from numerous source code repositories. In this paper, we present our initial experimental results by comparing several NMT models that are built upon the existing corpora and our corpora. The resulting BLEU indicates that our proposed model is accurate enough to allow coding assistance in the future.

Publisher's Version
Towards the No-Code Era: A Vision and Plan for the Future of Software Development
Ahmed ElBatanony ORCID logo and Giancarlo Succi ORCID logo
(Innopolis University, Russia)
This paper provides a highly opinionated and biased vision and a two-stage plan with guidelines to reach a new era of software development, where anyone can create software without bothering to write code. Moreover, this paper explores in depth the first of these stages, which consists of creating a no-code tool based on six principles: configuration driven development, APIs, open-source, cross-platform, cloud computing, and design systems. An examination of each principle is presented and a case is made for why such a combination of principles would lay the foundation for future development efforts. Possible enquiries are addressed and a path is laid out for future works.

Publisher's Version

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